50 things a biologist should know

From Sajun.org

The 50 things every biologist should know

A. CHEMISTRY

  1. . What is an atom?
  2. . What is a molecule?
  3. . What causes water to be green?
  4. . What are the two laws of thermodynamics?
  5. . What are the four unique properties of water?
  6. . What three elements define organic compounds?
  7. . What is an element?
  8. . What is a protein
  9. . What is a carbohydrate?
  10. . What is a lipid?


B. MOLECULAR

  1. . What is DNA?
  2. . What is a gene?
  3. . What is natural selection? (Are evolution and natural selection synonymous terms?)
  4. . What is a chromosome?
  5. . What are the four principles of Mendelian genetics
  6. . What is a genome?
  7. . How is DNA replicated?
  8. . What is epistasis?
  9. . What are the sources of genetic variation?
  10. . What is epigenesis?

C. EVOLUTION(진화)

  1. . What does the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium predict, and what is the importance of the model assumptions?
  2. . How have continents moved and how has that affected the formation and distribution of species?
  3. . What is evolution?
  4. . What is the difference between micro and macro-evolution?
  5. . Can you read a phylogenetic tree?
  6. . What are the kingdoms of living organisms?
  7. . Finish the following Kingdom, Phylum\uffff^\uffff\uffff etc
  8. . What is the "Evolutionary Synthesis"?
  9. . Is evolution progressive?
  10. . What comes first: the adaptation or the selective pressure?
  11. . What is meant by the "inheritance of acquired traits", who made this claim, and why was he wrong?
  12. . What is the object of natural selection?
  13. . Are cladogenesis and anagenesis synonymous terms?
  14. . What is a phenotype?

D. CELLULAR

  1. . What is osmosis?
  2. . What are the key differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes
  3. . What is mitosis and what happens during mitosis?
  4. . What is meiosis and what happens during meiosis?
  5. . What are the cell organelles and what are their functions?
  6. . What are the key differences between plant and animal cells?
  7. . What is a cell?


E. ENERGY/MATTER

  1. . What is photosynthesis?
  2. . What is glycolysis?
  3. . What is the Kreb's cycle?
  4. . How does energy flow and matter cycle?
  5. . What is a trophic level?
  6. . How does water cycle?
  7. . Can you describe the cycles for key nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon)
  8. . What is biomagnification?

F. ECOLOGY

  1. . What is the Theory of Island Biogeography?
  2. . What are r and K selected life histories?
  3. . What is an ecosystem?

G. GENERAL

  1. . What are Newton's Laws?
  2. . What are the key organs in the human body and what are their functions?
  3. . What are Theories, hypotheses and predictions and how do they differ?
  4. . What are the important plant structures and their functions?
  5. . What is homeostasis and why is it important?
  6. . What is the scientific method?
  7. . What is a confidence interval?
  8. . What is an ANOVA?