생명공학용어

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생명공학용어들 (Biotechnology terms) 

*Allozyme 
*DAF 
*숙주 (Host) 
*피지컬 맵 (Physical map) 
*세포배양 (Cell culture) 
*미생물 (Microbe) 
*리가아제 (Ligase) 
*핵이식 (Cloning) 
*줄기세포 (Stem cells) 
*코스미드 (Cosmid) 
*DNA 지문검사 (DNA fingerprinting) *제한효소 (restriction enzyme) *노던 블로팅(Northern blotting) *미생물학(microbiology) *서던 블로팅(Southern blotting) *생정보학 (bioinformatics) *생물학 (Biology) *DNA번역(DNA translation) *DNA중합효소(DNA polymerase) *억압자(repressor) *웨스턴 블로팅(Westhern blotting) *인간게놈프로젝트(HGP) *전사(transcription) *전기영동(electrophoresis) *광합성(photosynthesis) *primer *template *접합(conjugation) *제한효소 절편 길이 다형성(RFLP) *중합효소연쇄반응(PCR) *지연가닥(lagging strand) *트랜스포슨(transposon) *형질도입(transduction) *형질전환(transformation) *효소(Enzyme) *메신져RNA(mRNA) *유전공학(genetic engineering) *박테리오파지(bacteriophage) *항체(Antibodies) *반보존적복제(Semi-conservative replication) *운반RNA(tRNA) *독립의 법칙(Law of Independence) *반성유전(sex-linked inheritance) *코돈(codon) *플라스미드(plasmid) *DNA(디엔에이) *멘델법칙(Mendel's law *세포분열(mitosis) *감수분열(meiosis) *Isoeletric focussing *2D gelelectrophoresis *Protein purification *Affinity chromatography *Transamination *Antiport *이중나선 *Base-pairing *Supercoil *Denaturation *Hybridization *A helix *B helix *Z helix *totipotent *embryo *marker *Zinc finger *염색체(Chromosome) *원형질체(protoplast) *capping *tailing *내부절단효소(endonuclease) *미세증식(micropropagation) *표현형(phenotype) *기관발생(organogenesis) *splicing *intron *exon *다형DNA무작위증폭방법(RAPD-Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) *유전자조각분석(GBA-Genetic Bit Analysis) *미토콘드리아 DNA 분석(Mitochondrial DNA Analysis) *칩위에실험실(Lab-on-a-chip) *Sanger Dideoxy Method *DNA 칩(DNA chip) *광학석판술(photolithography) *핀 미세배열(Pin microarray) *잉크젯 미세배열(Inkjet microarray) *전자미세배열(Electroarray) *유전자 보완(Complementation) *모계 유전(Matrilineal inheritance) *Homoplasmy *표현도(Penetrance) *변형 표현(Variable expression) *모자이크식 표현(Mosaicism) *연속적 인자(Continuous characters) *역전사 효소(Reverse Transcriptase) *Insertional inactivation *소형 핵내 RNA(snRNA) *Regulatory Site *MRI(magnetic resonance imaging) *Chiasma *NMR(nuclear magenetic resonance) *Polyploid *Endospore *Hemoglobin *CT(computed tomography) *Telomere *Ribozyme *Cytoskeleton *PET(Positron Emission Tomography) *Xenobiotics *lipoprotein *성장인자(Growth factor) *central dogma *유전자 탐지자(probe) *핵형(karyotype) *상염색체(autosome) *성염색체(sex chromosome) *Promoter *운반체(Vector) *교차(crossing over) *배우자(gamete) *캡시드 (capsid) *엘라스틴 (elastin) *건 (tendon) *genomics *genotype *헬라 세포 (HeLa cell) *HIV(human immunodeficiency virus) *retrovirus *암유전자 (oncogene) *골지체(the Golgi apparatus complex) *virus X *ELISA *BioChip *BioSensor *뉴런(Neuron) *진핵세포(Eukaryotes) *원핵세표(Prokaryotes) *신경전달물질(Neurotransmitter) *오페론(operon) *기질특이성(Specificity) *리소좀(Lysosome) *균류(fungi) *에이즈(AIDS) *엽록체(Chloroplast) *액틴(actin) *비타민(vitamin) *ATP (adenosine triphosphate) *ATPases *나트륨펌프(sodium pump) *세포증식(Cell proliferation) *외분비선(exocrine gland) *겔침투크로마토그래피 (gel permeation chromatography) *SDS(sodium dodecyl sulfate) *단백질삼차구조(protein tertiary structure) *cDNA *소포(vacuoles) *Homology modeling *Shotgun Sequencing *프로모터 (promotor) *복제원점 *YAC *복제(Replication) *고속처리검색법(HTS, high troughput screening) *배지(medium) *도메인(domain) *자연분산(simple diffusion) *염색질(chromatin) *재조합DNA(recombinent DNA) *항원(antigen) *alternative splicing *돌연변이(mutation) *bacteriophage *stem cell *기능유전체학(functional genomics) *synapse *활성자(activator of gene) *testcross *유전자지도(genetic map) *vector plasmid *Purine *Pyrimidine *샤가프의 법칙(Chargaff's Rule) *centromere *genomic library *육종(Breeding) *교잡(Hybridization) *등전점 분리(Isoelectric Focusing) *세포 융합(Cell fusion) *생체 환경(in vivo) *시험관 환경(in vitro) *림프(lymph) *polymer *엔돌핀(endorphin) *HIV *TCA cycle *호르몬(Hormone) *중심립(centrosome) *대사(metabolism) *이화(catabolism) *동화(anabolism) *1차구조(primary structure) *2차구조(secondary structure) *3차구조(tertiary structure) *4차구조(quaternary structure) *내포작용(endocytosis) *외포작용(exocytosis) *상위효과(epistasis) *조성 보정(dosage compensation) *동원판(Kinetochore) *긴끝반복서열(LTR, Long-Terminal Repeat) *spindle microtuble *oxidation *glial cells *flavoprotein *osmosis *homeosis *immunoglobulins *alleles *structural gene *pseudo-gene *corepressor *inducer